The OF Blog: Robert Jordan and Brandon Sanderson, The Gathering Storm

Monday, October 26, 2009

Robert Jordan and Brandon Sanderson, The Gathering Storm

The Wheel of Time turns, and Ages come and pass, leaving memories that become legend.  Legend fades to myth, and even myth is long forgotten when the Age that gave it birth comes again.  In one Age, called the Third Age by some, an Age yet to come, an Age long past, a wind rose around the alabaster spire known as the White Tower.  The wind was not the beginning.  There are neither beginnings nor endings to the turning of the Wheel of Time.  But it was a beginning.

The wind twisted around the magnificent Tower, brushing perfectly fitted stones and flapping majestic banners.  The structure was somehow both graceful and powerful at the same time; a metaphor, perhaps, for those who had inhabited it for over three thousand years.  Few looking upon the Tower would guess that at its heart, it had been both broken and corrupted.  Separately.  (p. 49)

Robert Jordan's The Wheel of Time series has been one of the most sprawling, character-intensive epic fantasies of the past twenty years.  Spanning millions of words, this series, now reaching its twelfth volume out of a planned fourteen, has spawned dozens of fansites over the years, as well as engendering heated debates over matters ranging from how well (or not) the author managed to portray female characters to questions of character identities and motivations to even a fictional murder-mystery that still remains unresolved seven volumes after its occurrence.  Some view passages, such as the (in)famous "wind passage" that opens the first chapter of each book, as being hallmarks of a great talent.  Others read the same lines and wonder how the story ever managed to become even more turgid and bloated than the previous volume.

Debates such as these point to some intrinsic quality of the series that barely allows for there to be a middle ground.  There is something for almost everyone, depending if one likes an action/adventure tale, political intrigue, social commentary, or even elements of a puzzle novel.  Sometimes, there is too much of it all, and readers who enjoyed the earlier volumes might end up finding the past few volumes to be rather plodding, tedious affairs.  After reading the eighth and ninth volumes, The Path of Daggers and Winter's Heart, I found myself going years before even thinking of picking up the tenth volume, Crossroads of Twilight, which was perhaps the most difficult book to complete reading of them all at the time.

But then a tragic event happened.  Jim Rigney, the person behind the Robert Jordan pseudonym, contracted a rare blood disorder, amyloidosis.  Rigney spent the final eighteen months of his life battling the disease, while attempting to complete the conclusion to the series.  Sadly, he succumbed to the disease on September 16, 2007.  Fans were devastated, as for nearly three months, the matter of who would complete the series, or even if the series would be completed, was up in the air.  Toward the end of the year, Rigney's wife, Harriet McDougal, announced that she had chosen young author Brandon Sanderson, whose work to date had been three adult fantasies (Elantris and the first two Mistborn novels) and two young adult novels.  From the end of 2007 to now, Wheel of Time fans have been probing for information, trying to decide if Sanderson was the "right" choice, if he would manage to capture Jordan's narrative "voice," warts and all, and if the conclusion (now announced to comprise of three volumes spread out over three years) would be worthy of the time invested in the series.

Depending on what you enjoy most about the series, Sanderson largely succeeds in this thankless task.  For those wanting to know if Sanderson would manage to capture the essence of the late Jordan's writing style or if his passages would integrate well with the ones Jordan had completed before his death, it will be difficult for most of the time to discern which author wrote which passage.  Sanderson's interpretations of the two main characters of this story, Rand al'Thor, the Dragon Reborn, and Egwene al'Vere, the rebel Amyrlin, are almost pitch-perfect.  What I found interesting about Sanderson's treatment of the characters is just how well they are integrated with Jordan's earlier development of them.

Rand in particular has a very good character development arc in The Gathering Storm.  Hurting from his myriad mental, emotional, and physical wounds, he is a near-complete wreck.  Increasingly paranoid and worried that he is not "hard enough" to face the Dark One in the prophesied Last Battle, Rand's character displays many traits in common with soldiers suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder during the Vietnam War.  This is no accident, as before his death, Rigney discussed how he himself faced a decision in Vietnam if he was to desensitize himself to the horrors happening around him or if he would fight to keep from becoming a sociopathic killer.  Rand's development from the first chapter, "Tears from Steel," to the last, "Veins of Gold," is one of the more intriguing in the entire series.  It is perhaps for me the most personal of all the mini-plots in this mammoth series and the authors do such a good job of showing Rand's descent into darkness, both figurative and literal, as well as setting up the decision he makes at the end of this book that is in many ways as important thematically as the cleansing of saidin was in Winter's Heart.

Paralleling Rand's development and his struggles to integrate his past and present memories is that of his childhood sweetheart, Egwene.  Captured at the end of Crossroads of Twilight and forced to undergo numerous punishments at the hand of her rival for the head of the Aes Sedai organization, Elaida, Egwene presents a clear contrast to Rand's choices early in the novel.  Instead of trying to harden herself by means of shutting out friends and even one's own emotions, Egwene comes to accept her situation, viewing matters such as hurt and grief not as something to avoid or to manipulate, but rather as things to accept and to use to improve one's self.  This change from the rather ambitious, self-righteous girl of the earlier volumes into a leader who realizes the importance behind the very name of "Aes Sedai," stands in sharp opposition to that of Elaida, as the authors go to great lengths to make clear in the second chapter, "The Nature of Pain."

There are even more parallels between the characters along the lines of examining the choices people make in regards to themselves and others.  It is debatable whether or not Jordan would have been quite as direct as the final draft came to be, but several times over the course of the novel, characters ranging from the two mentioned above, Perrin, Mat, and members of the Black Ajah and the Forsaken are shown via the choices they have made.  The selflessness of one clashes with the self-centered greed of another.  The desire to be viewed as being important contrasts with one who humbles herself, placing her own soul in risk of eternal perdition so the machinations of others can be revealed to others.  These parallels, which were either lacking or were not adroitly done in the past several volumes, helped make The Gathering Storm one of the better WoT volumes I have read in the past twelve years.

Despite this, there were several problems that I had with the text.  Although Sanderson eschewed the character "blocks" that Jordan used in the past few volumes, there were times that the pacing of the plot still suffered.  While Rand and Egwene's subplots were developed well and each concluded within narrative minutes of one another, Perrin and Mat's were underdeveloped and appear to be days or even weeks behind the first two.  In addition, their characters were not as well developed as were Rand's and Egwene's.  Perhaps this is in part due to the limited number of chapters each appears, but Mat's chapters, despite a near-horrific chapter occurring in a backwoods town near the kingdom of Andor, felt rather sketchy, as if Sanderson had not decided what to do with the character in the allotted space.  Perrin's arc was rather anti-climatic and it is hard to guess where he will be heading in the next volume.  Despite the near-certain protests from fans of those characters, The Gathering Storm might have been better served if those arcs had been withheld until the next volume, even though that alternative certainly would have risked backlash from those burned by the eighth and tenth volumes of the series.

The pacing was mostly good, although there were times that events long foretold in the series unfolded so quickly that there was a sense of a letdown.  But perhaps reader expectations had been built up too much from the narrative molehills, so it is hard to say particularly which events (ranging from what occurred outside a castle in Arad Doman to the use of a certain item discovered in The Shadow Rising) were done too hastily and which events were done purposely at such a breakneck pace in order to set up future character development.  For myself, the two events I allude to above served to develop Rand's character in ways that were at once surprising and logical in hindsight (especially as it relates to how he parallels Moridin more and more now in thought and action).  But others might view these scenes differently, wishing that Sanderson had spent more time setting up the events so that there would be a stronger emotional reaction.  There is something to be said for this argument, but I suspect if there had been further development of these two set scenes, the pace of the narrative would have slowed to the near-glacial creep of the previous novels.

Prose is something I value highly in a novel.  The previous eleven volumes of the WoT series were uneven to me, as powerful scenes would be offset by descriptions of clothing, of how to wash silk, and even lengthy scenes set in a bathtub.  Sanderson's prose in his novels tends to be rather too sparse at times, attempting to be too "invisible" when the occasional use of more florid language might serve to vary the prose enough to make it more interesting.  Thankfully, for most of The Gathering Storm, Sanderson managed to achieve a happy medium between his own preferred style and that employed by Jordan.  There are places where the narrative still feels clunky or choppy, but these are fewer than what I recall being present in Sanderson's own work.  The too-long descriptions of places and dress still occur on occasion, but thankfully they are reduced.  The male characters' self-conscious thoughts about their abilities with women is also much reduced, doubtless to the delight of numerous readers.  While certainly not written in a style that would lend itself to being studied by writing students, the prose here was at least acceptable and at several times, very well-written.

The Gathering Storm certainly is not an ideal beginning place for readers curious about the Wheel of Time universe, but for those who were disenchanted by the perceived lack of plot and character development over the past few volumes, it certainly is one of the faster-paced, better-written volumes.  While I would not consider it to be among the best works released in 2009, it certainly is one of the best epic fantasies that I have read.  The Wheel continues to turn and thankfully it appears to be cranking a bit faster and toward a more intriguing conclusion than I had suspected when I had suspended my reading of the series back in 2000. Highly recommended for WoT fans and recommended for those who might have become disillusioned by the previous four volumes.


Harry Markov said...

Oh your finishing line about the wheel cranking faster made me laugh so hard. To be quite honest I never had any intention of reading this series, because my attention span does not agree with the mammoth length involved here, but I hope to pick up the series soon. As always a very insightful and highly detailed review.

Nephtis said...

From reading the reviews and spoilers so far (my own copy arrives today but I won't be able to read it until the weekend), it seems like the excitement I felt upon first hearing that Sanderson would be finising WoT was justified. He can resolve complicated plots briskly, and really have things happen. I remember that when RJ was writing, even when BIG things happened in the later books (such as the cleansing of the saidin), they felt anti-climatic, because they were long overdue and buried in endless stupid minutae of bickering and clothes description.

Mark said...

Thanks for the review, informative as ever.

It looks like the book will meet my expectations (a good epic fantasy which is an improvement on the last few volumes). I'm not expecting one of the best books of the year but am looking forward to some enjoyable comfort reading.

Anonymous said...

As I said, on a discussion forum, nice review. It's only fitting that guys like you, Ken and Pat had these reviews up today. Personally, I like WoT, Jordan and Sanderson, so even if it isn't earth-shattering, it'll be a win for me, regardless. Now, I just have to go get a copy and find some time to read it. Some book is going to have to go back in line.

RobB said...

Although I didn't read the entire review, I skimmed down to the end for your reaction which is very encouraging to somebody whose last WoT book was Winter's Heart. I've been getting nostalgic for the series for the past year or so and the generally positive response this book is getting only adds to that.

Rory said...

Would generally agree with the a long time WOT fan I was nrealy turned off by COT, but KOD restored some of my faith, and this one has completely restored it.

Certainly deserves to rank with the top 2 or 3 in the series

Am also very pleased the pace has picked up a bit as they head to the Last Battle - and I commenetd elsewhere that the Mat scenes in particular fell between two stools - should either have expanded to more chapters and done some proper developmnent, or left him out and kept it for Book 13

Still...minor gripes. I loved it.

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Anonymous said...

I liked the way Brandon addressed both Egwene's and Rand's story arcs. In fact, sometime it felt very similar to Jordan's prose and sometimes it actually read better! Kudos to Brandon! However, some storylines - especially the one about Mat felt kind of off to me. The story about town, would have made a really good stand alone short WoT story just for Halloween, but it didn't fit right in this book. Same for the Bubble of Evil incident in Rebel Aes Sedai camp. Also, major complaint about Mat's character, I guess Brandon tried to make him both a likeable rogue - sarcastic with hint of both angry and funny at the same time. But the use of word "Saidared" felt very off to me - too modern too Grey's Anatomy to me. I am thinking Brandon tends to use "modern" slang in his books a lot (since I didn't read them I wouldn't know) and while I do like to read books written like that and watch Grey's Anatomy too, but in this particular book it felt very off to me.
So, I do hope Brandon will take some constructive criticism and adjust his writing style a bit more with certain characters. Don't get me wrong, I felt Rand's, Min's, Egwene's, Tuon's, Elaida's and Aes Sedai characterisation were spot on, maybe even improved!

Cari said...

Nice review. I actually haven't read any of the series but I might have to now. I actually just finished reading "Servant of a Dark God" which is the first book in a trilogy by John Brown. It was crazy good! You should check it out. Here is a link

Unknown said...

I read the first few books of the series with great relish. I think I made it through 5 or 6 volumes before I gave up. I simply could not stand the repetition and dragging plot lines any longer. It seemed like Jordan used about 600 pages of each book to recap. I have no intention of ever picking up the middle part of the series, but I'm wondering if it would be worth picking up again with "Gathering Storm". Will I miss too much? Any opinions?

Larry Nolen said...

You would certainly miss out on a few major developments, but much of those have been summarized on WoT fansites, so reading chapter summaries of those books would probably be enough for you.

Anonymous said...

I have been putting off reading Sanderson's sequel for a while now, not to mention finishing Knife of Dreams. It took me a while to get over the fact that Jordan is gone.

Two days ago I finally gathered the courage to pick up The Gathering Storm and start reading.

This thing is crap. I cannot even begin to comprehend why the fans are praising this garbage so much. This talentless hack should've never been allowed to go anywhere near Jordan's legacy.

My main problem is his style (although the narrative itself is not nearly as engaging). Where Jordan's style was incredibly detailed and minimalistic - he could spend a whole paragraph describing the embroidery on a dress, this Sanderson guy writes in simple sentences. I kid you not. Simple sentences, like a first grader. He constantly summarizes the previous books and does so in the most juvenile way possible. Sanderson, I don't need you to tell me how Egwene was captured by Elaida's cronies, I KNOW THAT ALREADY. I've known it for quite a while now. It was a book and a half ago.


I swear, this crap reads like fanfiction written by a tween on, not like the work of an acclaimed author, which Sanderson supposedly is.

When I picked this book I did expect that there would be changes in style, that was unavoidable after all, but I also expected that the style, although different, would be equally engaging and complex, that it would show that the new author has the same command of the English language that Jordan did. Alas, so far it's been an utter an disappointment. It is a shame that Jordan's epic tale will have such a lackluster finale. They should've buried the notes he left with him - better not to publish anything than to publish this.

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